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A Brief History of Abhaiwongse Family and A Chinese MacCau

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NOTE: This is the Q+A posted in which PreahVihear answered to noyume regarding to the question: “So is Nhonh Yia Abhaiwongse a direct descendant of the Angkorian kings and then married into the Bunnag family?”

NO!!! You must understand that the last name Abhaiwongse is of the treacherous Khmer traitors who chose to serve the interests of the Kings of Siam. These Khmer traitors were happy to detach a large chunk of Khmer territory to Siam. And NO they are not of the Angkorean kings, but of the commoner orgin.

Here is the timeline of the despicable treacherous Ahaiwongse family.

(1) It all began with a man called Chaufa Ben, a native of Takeo province. He was a powerful military commander under the reign of the Khmer King Ang Eng. He became treacherous against the Khmer King and he sought the military aid of the Thai military commander called Bodin.

(2) Chaufa Ben with the help of Thai army declared himself to be the Lord Governor of Battambang, swore allegiance to the Thai kings, and put Battamang under the suzerainty of Siam. The Thai king conferred the title ““Chao Phraya Aphaithebet” or “Aphai” to Chaufa Ben. Later on the descendants of Chaufa Ben adopted the term “Aphaiwong” as their family name when the French kicked them out in 1907 and they had to move to live in Thailand.

(3) Year Abhaiwongse called Nhonh was the desendant of Chaufa Ben. According to the above link, it indicates that Nhonh married Tuptim Bunnag (descendant of a Persian and a powerful Mon family). From this union, Nhonh had a daughter named Yem Bosada (Khmer+Persian+Mon).

(4) Bosada became one of the concubines of the Khmer Prince Norodom (descendant of the Angkorean Kings).

(5) Yem Bosada and Khmer Prince Norodom had Prince Sutharot (Khmer prince).

(7) Sutharot married another lady and had Prince Suramarit.

(8) Prince Suramarit married his first cousin Princess Kossamak (descendant of the Angkorean Kings) and had King Sihanouk.

All in all, King Sihanouk is of the Angkorean Kings lineage because his grandfather and great grandfather and great great grandfather and so on and so forth were the descendants of the Angkorean Kings.

It should be noted that while Chaufa Ben was betraying the Khmer King in the West, in the South another figure was also betraying the Khmer king as well. A Chinese MacCau was made governor of the Khmer provinces in the South. MacCau betrayed the Khmer King and swore allegiance with the Vietnamese Nguyen Kings and detached a huge chunk of Cambodia to Vietnam as well. When the French took over the area, the French did not return the territory back to the Khmer and instead they kept it as their colony. When the French left IndoChina, they gave it to the Vietnamese instead of the Khmer. However, in the west, they made Siam return the Khmer territory back to Cambodia, the French protectorate.

In the year 1671 AD, Mac Cuu, a Ming Dynasty Chinese merchant from Canton province, refused collaboration with the new Manchurian Ch’ing Empire in China, went south to seek refuge in the kingdom of Cambodia. He subsequently became Nguyen lord ‘s loyal official. He first came to the Khmer royal court to seek asylum. The Khmer King asked Mac Cuu to take all his Chinese men to settle in Peam principality, an area of land near the gulf of Siam. Right there Mac Cuu built a prosperous and picturesque port city called Ha Tien. Mac Cuu became trecherous against the Khmer King and swore loyalty to the Nguyen Lord of Hue. Lord Nguyen Phuc Chu (1691-1725 AD) granted Ha Tien city state and surrounding lands full autonomy. Mac Cuu’s successors were granted ‘Seven leaves of Nobility, That Diep Phien Han’ by lord Nguyen Phuc Thu (1725-1739 AD). Each generation for seven successive generations was entitled to a nobility rank. Mac Cuu died at the age of 81 in year 1735 AD and was raised to the rank of Marquis and Grand General (Cuu Loc Hau, Dai Tuong Quan).

Year 1679 AD a navy fleet comprised of 50 vessels carrying retreating Chinese Ming dynasty soldiers and their families arrived at Hué seeking asylum. Lord Nguyen Phuc Tan (1648-1687 AD) sent them to the new southern area near Saigon, Bien Hoa, Long An Eastern Cambodia for settlement with the permission of the Khmer court. The Chinese refugees were allowed to keep their military ranks and aristocratic titles. They proved to be a hugely loyal and successful group of migrants adding immense economic power and much needed vitality in that distant part of the realm which was known to the French as Cochin-China. The ensuing years merchants and labourers from India and Europe arrived in increasing numbers.


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